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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Citus vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. OrientDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Citus vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. OrientDB vs. Snowflake

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.24
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score1.48
Rank#140  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Score19.36
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score4.56
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score76.82
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.citusdata.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseorientdb.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.citusdata.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20042010201220102014
Current release7.2, October 20218.1, December 20183.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxhostedAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)hosted
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnoSQL-like query language, no joinsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.limited functionality with using 'rules'Java, Javascriptuser defined functions
TriggersyesyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesHooksno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphCitusFirebase Realtime DatabaseOrientDBSnowflake
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
News

Authentic Meets Artificial – The New Intelligence – DM Radio Broadcast
13 January 2022

Embedding Gruff In a Web Page
10 January 2022

AllegroGraph Named 2022 “Trend Setter”
3 January 2022

Predictions: Quantum AI, Graph Neural Networks, and Personal Data Pods
16 December 2021

Franz Inc. Announces AllegroGraph Has No Log4j Security Exposure
14 December 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
AllegroGraphCitusFirebase Realtime DatabaseOrientDBSnowflake
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