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DBMS > AllegroGraph vs. Citus vs. OrientDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison AllegroGraph vs. Citus vs. OrientDB vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.25
Rank#154  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score1.48
Rank#139  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score58.26
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websiteallegrograph.comwww.citusdata.comorientdb.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.citusdata.comwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmldocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperFranz Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2004201020102014
Current release7.2, October 20218.1, December 20183.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)hosted
Data schemeyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobulk load of XML files possibleyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language, no joinsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Java, Javascriptuser defined functions
TriggersyesyesHooksno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeswith FederationShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
AllegroGraphCitusOrientDBSnowflake
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
News

AllegroGraph v7.2 – Now Available (GNN, Virtual Graphs, Spark, and Kafka)
25 October 2021

Fuse Graph Neural Networks with Semantic Reasoning to Produce Complimentary Predictions
25 September 2021

Essilor’s Knowledge Graph for Global Supply Chain Risk Management
14 September 2021

No-Code Queries Can Accelerate AI and Data Analytics
1 September 2021

Why Young Developers Don’t Get Knowledge Graphs
1 August 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
AllegroGraphCitusOrientDBSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

Franz's AllegroGraph 7.2 Powers Enterprise Data Fabrics With Graph Neural Networks, Virtual Graphs and Streaming Graph Pipelines
25 October 2021, Business Wire

AiThority Interview with Dr. Jans Aasman, CEO at Franz
1 July 2021, AiThority

Why Dynamic Algorithms Still Haven't Replaced Human Rules
1 October 2021, insideBIGDATA

Why Young Developers Don't Get Knowledge Graphs
30 July 2021, Datanami

4 Benefits of Integrating a Language With a Database
13 September 2021, DevOps.com

provided by Google News

Testing times: Microsoft gets PostgreSQL on Azure a day after GA
4 October 2021, The Register

PostgreSQL 14 Is Here - A Look At Its Past And Future
1 October 2021, iProgrammer

How to Use Citus to Shard Postgres, for Performance & Scale - Microsoft
16 September 2021, Channel 9

Microsoft acquires Citus Data for its open source PostgreSQL tool
24 January 2019, VentureBeat

Citus Data Announces Citus Cloud Database Support for HIPAA and SOC 2 Type 2 Compliance
13 November 2018, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Research Report Explores the Graph Database Market Size 2021 to 2028 | IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax – Puck77
24 October 2021, Puck77

NoSQL Software Market: MongoDB, OrientDB, Amazon, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, ArangoDB, CouchDB, MarkLogic, SQL-RD, RethinkDB, RavenDB, Microsoft, Redis – Puck77
21 October 2021, Puck77

Global Valuation of Graph Database Market Size & Share Will Reach USD 4,500 Million By 2026: Facts & Factors
7 October 2021, Yahoo Finance

Graph Database Market Size By Top Key Vendors, Industry Growth and Application, Forecast 2021-2028 | IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph – Puck77
21 October 2021, Puck77

Graph Database Market Is Going To Boom: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray – Puck77
22 October 2021, Puck77

provided by Google News

Big Data Warehousing Platform Snowflake Opens Israeli Office - NoCamels
25 October 2021, Israeli Innovation News

Data cloud giant Snowflake opens in Israel
26 October 2021, The Jerusalem Post

Snowflake Launches Media Data Cloud for Data Collaboration in Media and Advertising Ecosystem
19 October 2021, Business Wire

DataSecOps Pioneer Satori Releases The Ultimate Security Guide for Snowflake “Snowflake Security: Securing Your Snowflake Data Cloud”
26 October 2021, Yahoo Finance

How Snowflake is supercharging data applications across industries (VB Live)
12 October 2021, VentureBeat

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