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DBMS > Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Kinetica vs. PostgreSQL vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Kinetica vs. PostgreSQL vs. RDF4J

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonKinetica  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformGPU-accelerated database for real-time analysis of large and streaming datasetsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.44
Rank#216  Overall
#102  Relational DBMS
Score4.64
Rank#68  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score0.60
Rank#193  Overall
#93  Relational DBMS
Score503.37
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.40
Rank#219  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websitewww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputecloud.google.com/­datastorewww.kinetica.comwww.postgresql.orgrdf4j.org
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docswww.kinetica.com/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualsdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperAlibabaGoogleKineticaPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2016200820121989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2004
Current release6.012.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, C++CJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes, details hereyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (GQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsFluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin Javausing Google App Engineuser defined functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
TriggersnoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes infotriggers when inserted values for one or more columns fall within a specified rangeyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-Master replication using PaxosMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsnoACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoGPU vRAM or System RAMno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and roles on table levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
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