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DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. XAP

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used in-process key-value storeHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Document store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.16
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score7.38
Rank#48  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score1094.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.71
Rank#91  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score0.75
Rank#169  Overall
#24  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.gigaspaces.com/­product/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­UserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazonMicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release19712015198919942000
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 201718.1 (Core), June 201814.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Java, C++, .Net
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedLinux
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesNaturalAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanoyes
Triggersnoyesyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access control

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