DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. AnzoGraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Amazon Aurora vs. AnzoGraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonAnzoGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonGraph Analytics Database (OLAP) that is MPP and standards-basedMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.16
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score7.38
Rank#48  Overall
#29  Relational DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#278  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
#16  RDF stores
Score1094.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.71
Rank#91  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.anzograph.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­UserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.cambridgesemantics.com/­anzograph/­userdoc/­home.htmdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperSoftware AGAmazonCambridge SemanticsMicrosoftOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release19712015201819891994
Current release1904.0, April 2019SQL Server 2017, October 201718.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedLinuxLinux
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayyesSPARQL is used as query languageyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC
OpenCypher
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
SPARQL
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesNaturalAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Java
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin Naturalyesuser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersnoyesnoyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infonot needed in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon AuroraAnzoGraphMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsAnzoGraph® is a native, Massively Parallel Processing (MPP) distributed Graph OLAP...
» more
Competitive advantagesMost solutions in the graph database market are geared toward Online Transactional...
» more
Typical application scenariosDevelopers can use AnzoGraph to build and execute data warehouse-style BI analytics,...
» more
Key customersAnzograph has customers in biotech, pharma, financial services and other verticals.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsPricing is based primarily on number of nodes needed to perform workload. AnzoGraph...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Amazon AuroraAnzoGraphMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle Berkeley DB
DB-Engines blog posts

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Amazon - the rising star in the DBMS market
3 August 2015, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

PASS Summit 2019
Seattle, Washington, USA, 5-8 November 2019

Recent citations in the news

Software AG: Q3 Due On October 22 - Wait For A Further Pullback
15 October 2019, Seeking Alpha

Software (ETR:SOW) PT Set at €34.00 by Baader Bank
15 October 2019, NCTY News

Software AG Announces New “Adabas & Natural 2050” Agenda
31 August 2016, Business Wire

Lack of software expertise stymies IoT app development - Tracking The Internet of Things
17 September 2019, IoTAustralia

Software (ETR:SOW) Given a €26.00 Price Target at JPMorgan Chase & Co.
5 October 2019, Riverton Roll

provided by Google News

Amazon migrates more than 100 consumer services from Oracle to AWS databases
15 October 2019, TechCrunch

Do Oracle's Claims About AWS Pass Scrutiny?
23 September 2019, Forbes

Yugabyte Advances Distributed SQL Leadership with Release of Yugabyte DB 2.0
17 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

SAP Teched Postmortem: SAP HANA Cloud’s potential impact on S/4HANA
14 October 2019, ZDNet

Digital Success at Scale: A Model for Modernization to AWS Cloud
8 October 2019, Network World

provided by Google News

AnzoGraph review: A graph database for deep analytics
15 April 2019, InfoWorld

Cambridge Semantics adds OpenCypher to AnzoGraph
28 March 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Cambridge Semantics Releases 2019 Benchmark Report Showcasing How Graph Analytics Database, AnzoGraph, Complements Graph Transactional Databases
24 January 2019, Business Wire

Cambridge Semantics' AnzoGraph™ Recognized as 2019 'Trend-Setting Product'
18 December 2018, ThomasNet News

Probing Data's Middle Ground
1 October 2019, Datanami

provided by Google News

Microsoft Expands IoT And Edge Computing Portfolio With Windows And SQL Server
16 October 2019, Forbes

SQL Server takes a turn towards Kubernetes and big data
30 September 2019, TechRepublic

Accelerating Database Recovery with SQL Server 2019
14 October 2019, Database Journal

Why SQL Server 2008's End of Life Should Be on Feds' Minds
18 September 2019, FedTech Magazine

Benefit from SQL VM Resource Provider when self-installing SQL Server on Azure - Microsoft
3 October 2019, Channel 9

provided by Google News

Top Local Databases for React Native App Development {A 2020 List}
15 October 2019, Appinventiv

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
5 July 2015, DZone News

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Database Trends Report: SQL Beats NoSQL, MySQL Most Popular
5 March 2019, ADT Magazine

Under the Hood: Oracle Berkeley DB XML
7 May 2008, XML.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Senior Software Developer/Analyst
University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Software Engineer II (ADABAS & Natural)
US House Of Representatives - CAO, Washington, DC

Senior Software Engineer
Mutual of Enumclaw Insurance, Enumclaw, WA

ADABAS NATURAL Programmer
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

Cobol or Natural/Adabas Programmer
RYAN Consulting Group, Inc., Indianapolis, IN

Software Engineering Manager, Aurora PostgreSQL
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Boston, MA

Software Engineering Manager, Aurora PostgreSQL
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Software Developer -- Aurora
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Software Development Engineer III
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

DBA/Engineer (Data Management Team)
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Software Engineering Intern / Co-Op
Cambridge Semantics, Boston, MA

Senior Sales Engineers
TigerGraph, Redwood City, CA

Senior Sales Engineer
TigerGraph, New York, NY

Senior SQL Server Database Administrator
The Cimino Group, Connecticut

Data Architect (Remote)
First San Francisco Partners, Remote

Healthcare Developer I (BI)
Terros Health, Phoenix, AZ

Technical Architect
Rackspace, Remote

Database Developer
Degreed, Remote

Database Engineer, Senior
Independent Software, Annapolis Junction, MD

Senior Systems Engineer
DeNovo Solutions, Annapolis Junction, MD

Full-Stack Java Server Side Developer/Single Page Application User Interface (SPA UI) Developer
Alaka`ina Foundation Family of Companies, Remote

Senior Developer
Spectrum Systems, Riverwoods, IL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Present your product here