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DBMS > 4D vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.64
Rank#90  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score1279.07
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.99
Rank#142  Overall
#71  Relational DBMS
Score1346.66
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.mysql.comwww.nuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
Developer4D, IncOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.Oracle
Initial release1984199520131980
Current releasev17.0, July 20188.0.17, July 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC and C++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMySQLNuoDBOracle
Specific characteristicsHorizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesNuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosOperational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersDassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsFast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSubscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

At Sibos, Technology For Your Cloud Banking Transformation (Corporate Blog)
20 September 2019

DDL+ACID - You‘ve heard of ‘transactional’, let’s talk ‘isolated’ (Tech Blog)
19 September 2019

Running NuoDB in Docker - Part II (Tech Blog)
16 September 2019

Learn How To Power Your Critical Banking Apps In The Cloud (Tech Blog)
12 September 2019

NuoDB Analytics Using Zeppelin, SparkSQL, Python, and NuoSQL (Tech Blog)
29 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
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Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
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Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMySQLNuoDBOracle
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