DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. AlaSQL vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformJavaScript DBMS libraryWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.75
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score4.34
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.36
Rank#229  Overall
#32  Document stores
#106  Relational DBMS
Score1346.39
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlalasql.orgwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffOracle
Initial release1984197120141980
Current releasev17.0, July 201819c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMIT-Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.yes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JavaScript APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin NaturalnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"AlaSQLOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Software AG (OTCMKTS:STWRY) Given Consensus Recommendation of “Hold” by Analysts
6 December 2019, Slater Sentinel

Software AG Announces New “Adabas & Natural 2050” Agenda
31 August 2016, Business Wire

Software (ETR:SOW) Given a €34.00 Price Target at Baader Bank
22 November 2019, Mitchell Messenger

A guide to legacy app modernization tool providers
2 December 2019, SDTimes.com

Software (OTCMKTS:STWRY) Stock Price Crosses Above 200 Day Moving Average of $7.69
19 November 2019, Riverton Roll

provided by Google News

Meet AlaSQL, a speedy SQL database for JavaScript
15 January 2019, JAXenter

Introduction to Apache Spark: Big Data Analytics Simplified
4 September 2018, Business 2 Community

provided by Google News

Oracle Ranks First in all Four Use Cases for Oracle Database in Gartner's Critical Capabilities for Operational Database Management Systems Report
5 December 2019, PRNewswire

Oracle looks to grow multi-model database features
26 November 2019, TechTarget

Beyond the database: Digging deeper into Oracle’s cloud strategy and its bid to conquer AWS
21 November 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

Biggest innovation in Oracle Database Software market to Undertake Strapping Growth at CAGR of +10% by the End 2026 by Amazon, Oracle Corporation, IBM, Microsoft Corporation, Google
4 December 2019, Market Expert

Oracle v. Rimini Street Lawsuit: A Guide
5 December 2019, Forbes

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Customer Service Coordinator - Montvale NJ
Flight Centre, Montvale, NJ

Database Programmer - 4D (4th Dimension)
Sweetwater Sound, Fort Wayne, IN

Software Engineer
Parsons, Fort George G Meade, MD

Signals Software Engineer
Parsons, Fort George G Meade, MD

Systems Engineer
Parsons, Fort George G Meade, MD

Senior Software Engineer
Software AG, Denver, CO

ADABAS NATURAL Programmer
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

SQL Server Database Administrator
City of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

Programmer/Developer
Social Commerce Ventures, Austin, TX

Developers
Hackensack Computer Services, Hackensack, NJ

Senior Oracle Database Administrator
GovernmentCIO, Remote

Oracle Essbase Consultant / Architect
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

Database Administrator_Remote
Sawdey Solution Services, Inc., Remote

Oracle PL/SQL Developer/ Database Developer
Capgemini, Massachusetts

OBIEE+ Consultant / Architect (Oracle Business Intelligence - Enterprise Edition + Hyperion Reports + Hyperion Analyzer)
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Present your product here