DBMS > MySQL vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. XTDB
System Properties Comparison MySQL vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. XTDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||Oracle NoSQL Xexclude from comparison||XTDB formerly named Crux Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Widely used open source RDBMS||A multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes||A general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Document store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Oracle||Juxt Ltd.|
|Current release||8.0.29, April 2022||22.1, May 2022||1.19, September 2021|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source Proprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)||Open Source MIT License|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
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|Implementation language||C and C++||Java||Clojure|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD|
|All OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM|
|Data scheme||yes||Support Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.||schema-free|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||optional||yes, extensible-data-notation format|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes with proprietary extensions||SQL-like DML and DDL statements||limited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
|RESTful HTTP API||HTTP REST|
|Supported programming languages||Ada|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes proprietary syntax||no||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||Sharding||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication|
|Electable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature||yes, each node contains all data|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||with Hadoop integration||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Eventual Consistency|
Immediate Consistency depending on configuration
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||no||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||configurable ACID within a storage node (=shard)||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes off heap cache|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||Access rights for users and roles|
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|MySQL||Oracle NoSQL||XTDB formerly named Crux|
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