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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Snowflake vs. Trino

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Snowflake vs. Trino

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTrino  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataFast distributed SQL query engine for big data analytics. Forked from Presto and originally named PrestoSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
Key-value store
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.57
Rank#81  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score136.53
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score5.44
Rank#59  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.snowflake.comtrino.io
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmltrino.io/­broadcast
trino.io/­docs/­current
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHub
DeveloperMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.Trino Software Foundation
Initial release201920142012 info2020 rebranded from PrestoSQL
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Starburst Galaxy offers a feature-rich user interface to connect all your data sources, manage your Trino clusters, and query your data.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
macOS infofor devlopment
Data schemeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesall fields are automatically indexeddepending on connected data-source
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyesyes
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
RESTful HTTP API
Trino CLI
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ruser defined functionsyes, depending on connected data-source
Triggersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesdepending on connected data-source
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yesdepending on connected data-source
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsSpark connector (open source): github.com/­Azure/­azure-kusto-sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistencydepending on connected data-source
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDdepending on connected data-source
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesdepending on connected data-source
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory AuthenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationSQL standard access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSnowflakeTrino
Specific characteristicsTrino is the fastest open source, massively parallel processing SQL query engine...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh performance analtyics and data processing of very large data sets Powerful ANSI...
» more
Typical application scenariosPerformant analytics query engine for data warehouses, data lakes, and data lakehouses...
» more
Key customersTrino is widely adopted across the globe as freely-available open source software....
» more
Market metrics33000+ commits in GitHub 8200+ stargazers in GitHub 1200+ pull requests merged in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTrino is an open source project and usage is therefore free. Commercial offerings...
» more
News

62: A lakehouse that simply works at Prezi
11 July 2024

Announcing Trino Summit 2024
11 July 2024

Trino Fest 2024 recap
24 June 2024

61: Trino powers business intelligence
20 June 2024

One busy week to go before Trino Fest 2024
6 June 2024

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSnowflakeTrino
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

We’re retiring Azure Time Series Insights on 7 July 2024 – transition to Azure Data Explorer
31 May 2024, azure.microsoft.com

Update records in a Kusto Database (public preview)
20 February 2024, azure.microsoft.com

Announcing General Availability to migrate Virtual Network injected Azure Data Explorer Cluster to Private Endpoints
5 February 2024, azure.microsoft.com

Public Preview: Azure Data Explorer connector for Apache Flink
8 January 2024, azure.microsoft.com

General availability: Azure Data Explorer adds new geospatial capabilities
23 January 2024, azure.microsoft.com

provided by Google News

AT&T's massive data breach deepens crisis for Snowflake seven weeks after hack was disclosed
12 July 2024, CNBC

Three words to send a chill down your spine: Snowflake. Intrusion. Alert
13 July 2024, The Register

Toll of Snowflake Hack Widens With Theft of AT&T Text, Calling Data
12 July 2024, Yahoo Finance

Senators press AT&T, Snowflake for answers on wide-ranging data breach
16 July 2024, The Record from Recorded Future News

The Snowflake Attack May Be Turning Into One of the Largest Data Breaches Ever
6 June 2024, WIRED

provided by Google News

The Perfect AI Storage: Trino From Facebook And Iceberg From Netflix?
30 April 2024, The Next Platform

Query big data with resilience using Trino in Amazon EMR with Amazon EC2 Spot Instances for less cost
4 October 2023, AWS Blog

Starburst Brings Dataframes Into Trino Platform
7 September 2023, Datanami

A look at Presto, Trino SQL query engines
9 August 2022, TechTarget

Trino: The Open-source Data Query Engine That Split from Facebook
30 March 2022, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News



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