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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Snowflake

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Azure Data Explorer and Snowflake with Elasticsearch, Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse and Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.14
Rank#85  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score5.94
Rank#64  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20192014
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ruser defined functions
Triggersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory AuthenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSnowflake
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
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Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSnowflake
Recent citations in the news

Azure Data Explorer gets new engine, numerous enhancements and Synapse integration
14 October 2020, ZDNet

AMD Boosts Microsoft Azure Data Explorer Performance
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AMD releases Azure Data Explorer PaaS solution
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AMD EPYC Processors Power Microsoft Azure Data Explorer, Offers Users 30 Percent Better Performance
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