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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceWidely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score29.08
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1229.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#149  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.mysql.comwww.nuodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release201419952013
Current release8.0.16, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQL
TriggersJavaScriptyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMySQLNuoDB
Specific characteristicsAzure Cosmos DB is Microsoft™s globally-distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model...
» more
Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Competitive advantagesGlobal distribution Easily build globally-distributed applications without the hassle...
» more
NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosAzure Cosmos DB enables writing globally distributed applications and allows you...
» more
Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersJet.com, Asos, Real Madrid, Orange Tribes, MSN, Telenor, NextGames, Schneider Electric,...
» more
Dassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsGartner Research positions Microsoft as the leader in the Magic Quadrant Operational...
» more
Fast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsWith Azure Cosmos DB, pay only for the storage you use and the throughput you provision...
» more
Subscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
News

Why Are Distributed Databases Perfect for Financial Services? (Corporate Blog)
11 July 2019

How Distributed SQL Powers Your Enterprise Digital Transformation (Corporate Blog)
28 June 2019

What Does Core Banking Technology Mean Today? (Corporate Blog)
26 June 2019

NuoDB Operator and Database Deployment in Red Hat OpenShift 4 Using OperatorHub (Tech Blog)
13 June 2019

Meet the Amazing People Who Visited NuoDB at Red Hat Summit 2019 (Corporate Blog)
10 June 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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