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DBMS > Kdb+ vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Kdb+ vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameKdb+  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance Time Series DBMSMicrosofts relational DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.96
Rank#52  Overall
#2  Time Series DBMS
Score1031.23
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.47
Rank#144  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.15
Rank#289  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
Websitekx.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationcode.kx.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperKx Systems, a division of First Derivatives plcMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release2000 infokdb was released 2000, kdb+ in 2003198920102009
Current release3.6, May 2018SQL Server 2019, November 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree 32-bit versioncommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageqC++JavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes infotable attribute 'grouped'yesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (q)yesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API
JDBC
Jupyter
Kafka
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
J
Java
JavaScript
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyes infowith viewsyesyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication in HA-Clusternone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infosimilar paradigm used for internal processingnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Clusternone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Kdb+Microsoft SQL ServerStardogTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsIntegrated columnar database & programming system for streaming, real time and historical...
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Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
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Competitive advantagesprovides seamless scalability; runs on industry standard server platforms; is top-ranked...
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Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
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Typical application scenariostick database streaming sensor data massive intelligence applications oil and gas...
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Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
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Key customersGoldman Sachs Morgan Stanley Merrill Lynch J.P. Morgan Deutsche Bank IEX Securities...
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Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
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Market metricskdb+ performance and reliability proven by our customers in critical infrastructure...
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Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsupon request
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Kdb+Microsoft SQL ServerStardogTinkerGraph
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