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DBMS > JanusGraph vs. Neo4j vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison JanusGraph vs. Neo4j vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Open source graph databaseIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.65
Rank#119  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score142.91
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitejanusgraph.orgneo4j.comredis.io
Technical documentationdocs.janusgraph.org/­latestneo4j.com/­docsredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusNeo4j, Inc.Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release201720072009
Current release0.4.0, July 20193.5.8, July 20195.0.5, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsLua
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)noneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Simple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanNeo4jRedis
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Redis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
» more
News

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14 October 2019

This Week in Neo4j – NODES Keynote, Cypher Eager Operator, Releases of Neo4j OGM and jQAssistant
12 October 2019

Announcing the Global GraphHack Winners!
11 October 2019

Empowering Educators: Neo4j’s New Program for Classroom Instruction
10 October 2019

This Week in Neo4j – It’s NODES Time, Learning Japanese Characters, Building a Chat Bot, Streams, Tables, and Graphs
5 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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ScaleGrid: Fully managed Redis-as-a-Service in the cloud.
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Redis Labs is the open source home and the provider of enterprise-class Redis.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
JanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanNeo4jRedis
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

Benchmarking Graph Analytics Systems: TigerGraph, Neo4j, Neptune, JanusGraph, and ArangoDB
8 May 2019, Database Trends and Applications

The year of the graph: Getting graphic, going native, reshaping the landscape
8 January 2018, ZDNet

The Graph Database Poised To Pounce On The Mainstream
19 September 2018, The Next Platform

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Neo4j equips educators with data graphing teaching tools
10 October 2019, TechRepublic

Neo4j Launches Program to Empower Educators
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

NEORIS Demonstrates the Power of Graph Knowledge Management to Enable Predictive Analytics at Neo4j GraphTour New York
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j Gets Hooks Into Kafka
1 October 2019, Datanami

New Graph Database Performance Benchmark Confirms Graph Database
14 August 2019, AiThority

provided by Google News

Database Automation Market to Set Phenomenal Growth By 2026 | IDERA (US), SAP, Chef, Redis Labs, MemSQL, Clustrix and others
15 October 2019, The Ukiah Post

Redis Cloud Gets Easier with Fully Managed Hosting on Azure at ScaleGrid
2 October 2019, Yahoo Finance

Graph Query Language Gets Official Adoption
27 September 2019, iProgrammer

Enterprise Database Market Dynamics, Segmentation by Types, Application, Growth and Forecast to 2025
15 October 2019, Research Writeups

The state of open source databases in 2019: Multiple Databases, Clouds, and Licenses
1 October 2019, ZDNet

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