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DBMS > Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Ingres vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameIngres  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWell established RDBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.28
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score981.95
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score53.81
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbmswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdocs.actian.com/­ingresdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperActian CorporationMicrosoftSAP
Initial release1974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s19892010
Current release11.0, April 2017SQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (JuneĀ 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemsAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files availableyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneouslytables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesIngres Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
IngresMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
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Recent citations in the news

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative
25 May 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Actian Unveils Ingres NeXt Initiative at Actian Hybrid Data Conference 2021
25 May 2021, Business Wire

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28 July 2021, Business Wire

U.S. Adoption of SAP S/4HANA Rebounds After COVID-19 Slowdown as Enterprises Focus on Efficiency, Agility
26 July 2021, Yahoo Finance

BI DEVELOPER to perform IBM Cognos TM1 system optimization, configuration
28 July 2021, Gwinnettdailypost.com

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