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DBMS > Impala vs. Microsoft Access vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison Impala vs. Microsoft Access vs. Teradata Aster

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Platform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.98
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score129.47
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlproducts.office.com/­en-us/­access
Technical documentationwww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspx
DeveloperClouderaMicrosoftTeradata
Initial release201319922005
Current release3.3.0, August 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Officecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineR packages
Triggersnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornoneyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
ImpalaMicrosoft AccessTeradata Aster
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