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DBMS > H2 vs. Neo4j vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison H2 vs. Neo4j vs. TerminusDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameH2  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Open source graph databaseScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.64
Rank#49  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score48.22
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#316  Overall
#31  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.h2database.comneo4j.comdatachemist.com
Technical documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlneo4j.com/­docswww.datachemist.com/­images/­uploads/­general/­Evolving_MeaningfulValuefromEnterpriseData.pdf
DeveloperThomas MuellerNeo4j, Inc.DataChemist Ltd.
Initial release200520072018
Current release1.4.199, March 20193.5.8, July 20191.0, 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaProlog
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (DataChemist Query Language)
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Role-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
H2Neo4jTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

NODES 2019: Announcing 52 Online Talks from Leading Graph Experts
17 September 2019

GQL Is Now a Global Standards Project alongside SQL
16 September 2019

This Week in Neo4j – NODES 2019 Preview: GRANDstack, Building a Data Warehouse with Neo4j, Scale up your D3 graph visualisation
14 September 2019

#GraphCast: GraphConnect 2020, Early Bird Pricing Ends Oct 1st!
13 September 2019

DeepWalk: Implementing Graph Embeddings in Neo4j
12 September 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
H2Neo4jTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

New Query Language for Graph Databases to Become International Standard
17 September 2019, PRNewswire

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10 September 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j raises $80 million for next-generation graph databases
1 November 2018, Inventiva

Graph Database Market Worth $2.9 Billion by 2024 - Exclusive Report by MarketsandMarkets™
16 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

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