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DBMS > Greenplum vs. HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Greenplum vs. HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.07
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score4.60
Rank#76  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1219.77
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitegreenplum.orghsqldb.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.greenplum.orghsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperPivotal Software Inc.ClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release2005200120131995
Current release6.7.1, April 20202.6.0, March 20213.4.0, April 20208.0.26, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infosince Version 4.2nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
Java
Perl
Python
R
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava, SQLyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnoneselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
GreenplumHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBImpalaMySQL
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