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DBMS > Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Oracle Rdb vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Oracle Rdb vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.88
Rank#187  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score21.33
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1.18
Rank#161  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Score3.66
Rank#91  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Sybase, SAP
Initial release2010201619841993
Current release7.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CC++
Server operating systems.NEThostedHP Open VMSLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLyes
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDyes, on a single nodeACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseOracle RdbSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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