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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Solr vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Solr vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A widely used enterprise search engine based on Apache LuceneAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.22
Rank#108  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score57.78
Rank#17  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score0.49
Rank#209  Overall
#31  Document stores
#17  Graph DBMS
#36  Key-value stores
#10  Wide column stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerlucene.apache.org/­solrsqrrl.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docslucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperGoogleApache Software FoundationAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release201720042012
Current release8.3.0, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM and a servlet container inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)Linux
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no infosupports limited query time joinsno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava pluginsno
Triggersnoyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.cloud/distributed (via Zookeeper)
Master-slave replication
selectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoslaves poll the master in predefined intervallsImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationoptimistic locking infoSolr 4Atomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Cell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerSolrSqrrl
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