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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.In-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.22
Rank#108  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score0.32
Rank#233  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score130.07
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerlokijs.orgproducts.office.com/­en-us/­access
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docslokijs.org/­#/­docsmsdn.microsoft.com/­en-us/­library/­office/­ff604965.aspx
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release201720141992
Current release1902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
JavaScript APIADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersnoyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.nonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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Google Cloud SpannerLokiJSMicrosoft Access
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