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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. Redis vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. Redis vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Open source graph databaseIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Enterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.33
Rank#57  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score142.91
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score0.76
Rank#168  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreneo4j.comredis.iowww.stardog.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoreneo4j.com/­docsredis.io/­documentationwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsStardog-Union
Initial release2017200720092010
Current release3.5.8, July 20195.0.5, May 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaCJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolGraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsLuauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infovia event handlernoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Master-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Simple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud FirestoreNeo4jRedisStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Redis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreNeo4jRedisStardog
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