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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. InfluxDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. InfluxDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.DBMS for storing time series, events and metricsWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.79
Rank#166  Overall
#25  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score2.02
Rank#112  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score20.33
Rank#32  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score2.81
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release2013201720131994
Current release6.1.11, July 20191.7.8, August 201918.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++GoC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesNumeric data and Stringsno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL-like query languageyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynonono
Triggersnononoyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoin enterprise version onlynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.selectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoDepending on used storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)simple rights management via user accountsno
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud SpannerInfluxDBOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud SpannerInfluxDBOracle Berkeley DB
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Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
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