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DBMS > FileMaker vs. Neo4j vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison FileMaker vs. Neo4j vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Open source graph databaseVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score55.73
Rank#18  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score50.53
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.63
Rank#97  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitewww.filemaker.comneo4j.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.filemaker.com/­support/­product/­documentation.htmlneo4j.com/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleNeo4j, Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release198320071998
Current release18, May 20193.5.8, July 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsiOS
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infovia pluginsnoyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsFilemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesPHP.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replication, warm standby infosince Version 14Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Fine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
FileMakerNeo4jVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
FileMakerNeo4jVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Introducing FileMaker Cloud: Agile Workplace Innovation & Digital Transformation
29 October 2019, PRNewswire

Apple's Claris launches beta of tool to create apps faster
18 November 2019, AppleInsider

Workplace Innovation Platforms Market 2019-2025 By Top Key Players Like FileMaker, Inc., Airtable, AppSheet, Google App Maker, Salesforce Lightning, Ninox Database
21 November 2019, Market Report Gazette

360Works MirrorSync 6 Released - FileMaker Synchronization Made Easy prMac
5 November 2019, prMac

Workplace Innovation Platforms Market Opportunities, Growth and Forecasting for next Upcoming Year 2026: FileMaker, Inc., Airtable, AppSheet, Google App Maker
22 November 2019, Market Expert

provided by Google News

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

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7 November 2019, ZDNet

Neo4J Launches Cloud Graph Database
13 November 2019, iProgrammer

news digest: Neo4j Aura released, Applause announces new AI training and testing solution, and AutoML translate now GA - SD Times
6 November 2019, SDTimes.com

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7 November 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

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