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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RavenDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RavenDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score150.17
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score31.33
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score3.86
Rank#71  Overall
#12  Document stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearchazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbravendb.net
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbravendb.net/­docs
DeveloperElasticMicrosoftHibernating Rhinos
Initial release201020142010
Current release7.3.0, August 20194.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.RavenDB Cloud: Deploy a multi-node managed cluster in minutes. 10% discount for all users throughout 2019.
Implementation languageJavaC#
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (RQL)
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptyes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linq
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID, Cluster-wide transaction available
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundle
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRavenDB
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenarios
» more
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customers
» more
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metricsMore than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRavenDB
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