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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RavenDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RavenDB

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB and RavenDB with MongoDB, Amazon DynamoDB and Microsoft SQL Server.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSGraph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score29.04
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score2.92
Rank#101  Overall
#18  Document stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbravendb.net
Technical documentationlearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbravendb.net/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftHibernating Rhinos
Initial release20142010
Current release5.4, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesno
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language (RQL)
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
.NET Client API
F# Client API
Go Client API
Java Client API
NodeJS Client API
PHP Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
F#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptyes
TriggersJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Default ACID transactions on the local node (eventually consistent across the cluster). Atomic operations with cluster-wide ACID transactions. Eventual consistency for indexes and full-text search indexes.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID, Cluster-wide transaction available
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAuthorization levels configured per client per database

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRavenDB
Recent citations in the news

Start your AI journey with Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB—compete for $10K
9 May 2024, azure.microsoft.com

Public preview: Change partition key of a container in Azure Cosmos DB (NoSQL API) | Azure updates
27 March 2024, azure.microsoft.com

Microsoft Build 2024: Cosmos DB for NoSQL gets vector search
21 May 2024, InfoWorld

General Availability: Data API builder | Azure updates
15 May 2024, azure.microsoft.com

General availability: Microsoft Entra ID integration with Azure Cosmos DB for PostgreSQL | Azure updates
13 March 2024, azure.microsoft.com

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Oren Eini on RavenDB, Including Consistency Guarantees and C# as the Implementation Language
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