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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. HBase vs. JanusGraph

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. HBase vs. JanusGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017
Primary database modelSearch engineWide column storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score134.79
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score31.60
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score2.04
Rank#135  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhbase.apache.orgjanusgraph.org
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlhbase.apache.org/­book.htmldocs.janusgraph.org
DeveloperElasticApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release201020082017
Current release8.6, January 20232.3.4, January 20210.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryesyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
ElasticsearchHBaseJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
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