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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. GraphDB vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. GraphDB vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.A widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score157.69
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.70
Rank#111  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score57.26
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.ontotext.comlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperElasticOntotextApache Software Foundation
Initial release201020002006
Current release7.8.0, June 20209.8, June 20219.0.0, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagestored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyeswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityJava plugins
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.yes
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSolr
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSolr
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

Effective Sanctions Compliance with Ontotext
Webinar, 8am PT / 11am ET / 4pm BST / 5pm CEST, 13 April 2022 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Whip up recipes with 'Elasticsearch 8.x Cookbook'
26 May 2022, TechTarget

Once frenemies, Elastic and AWS are now besties
19 May 2022, VentureBeat

Elastic Announces New Capabilities to Help Customers Solve Their Biggest Business Challenges
3 May 2022, Business Wire

Misconfigured ElasticSearch Servers Exposed 579 GB of Users' Website Activity
12 May 2022, HackRead

Elastic to Present at the Bank of America Global Technology Conference
25 May 2022, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Ontotext Webinar - GraphDB as Company Data Central
10 March 2022, PR Newswire

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PR Newswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PR Newswire

Ontotext and Synaptica join forces with a shared product roadmap to speed up the development of Enterprise Knowledge Graphs.
16 November 2020, PR Newswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

How to import data into Apache Solr
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19 January 2022, ETFdb.com

provided by Google News

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