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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Solr

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Our visitors often compare Elasticsearch and Solr with Amazon CloudSearch, Microsoft Azure Search and MongoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelSearch engineSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score155.08
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score55.78
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmllucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperElasticApache Software Foundation
Initial release20102006
Current release7.8.0, June 20209.0.0, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava plugins
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanooptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes

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More resources
ElasticsearchSolr
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