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DBMS > Dgraph vs. FoundationDB vs. HugeGraph vs. HyperSQL

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. FoundationDB vs. HugeGraph vs. HyperSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonHugeGraph  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A fast-speed and highly-scalable Graph DBMSMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDB
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.39
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#283  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Score5.60
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.foundationdb.orggithub.com/­hugegraphhsqldb.org
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsapple.github.io/­foundationdbhugegraph.github.io/­hugegraph-dochsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.html
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.FoundationDBBaidu
Initial release2016201320182001
Current release6.2.28, November 20200.92.7.0, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infobased on BSD license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++JavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Unix
All OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modes
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infoalso supports composite index and range indexyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnosupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop Gremlin
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Groovy
Java
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoin SQL-layer onlyasynchronous Gremlin script jobsJava, SQL
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBasenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyesyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonovia hugegraph-sparkno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlyyes infoedges in graphyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesnoUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
DgraphFoundationDBHugeGraphHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB
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