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DBMS > Derby vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. MySQL

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Our visitors often compare Derby and MySQL with H2, SQLite and HyperSQL.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.59
Rank#63  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score1157.78
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbywww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software FoundationOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release19971995
Current release10.16.1.1, May 20228.0.32, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesJavaAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBMySQL
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Recent citations in the news

Apache Derby - Market Share, Competitor Insights in Relational Databases
22 March 2023, 6Sense

Apache Derby | IntelliJ IDEA Documentation
5 December 2022, jetbrains.com

IBM acquires StepZen based on contributions to IBM Db2, PostgreSQL, Apache Derby
29 March 2023, intelligenttechchannels.com

Java DB drivers are not referencing correct Derby classes · Issue #5676 · apache/netbeans
18 March 2023, github.com

When should I use Derby vs an external database, and can I store my binaries in the database?
26 February 2023, JFrog

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