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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Firebird

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Firebird

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Firebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBase
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.22
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score10.85
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score21.88
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.firebirdsql.org
Technical documentationwiki.apache.org/­couchdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manuals
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Firebird Foundation
Initial release200520122000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase
Current release2.3.1, March 20193.0.4, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
C/C++ API
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'PSQL
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
none infoavailable via 3rd party products
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writers
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseFirebird
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