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DBMS > CouchDB vs. FaunaDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. FaunaDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFaunaDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Strongly consistent database capable of global horizontal scale with a focus on operational simplicityCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.04
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.48
Rank#208  Overall
#30  Document stores
#17  Graph DBMS
#100  Relational DBMS
#11  Time Series DBMS
Score11.74
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfauna.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefauna.com/­documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerFauna, Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release200520142012
Current release2.3.1, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangScala
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptuser defined functionslimited functionality with using 'rules'
TriggersyesnoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Masterless
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseIdentity management, authentication, and access controlyes, based on authentication and database rules
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"FaunaDBFirebase Realtime Database
Specific characteristicsServerless cloud database for modern applications Native GraphQL API High performance...
» more
Competitive advantagesDocument-relational interface: combines flexibility in modeling with flexibility...
» more
Typical application scenariosModern Javascript Apps Identity management Multi-tenant SaaS backend Social content...
» more
Key customersNextdoor ShiftX
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"FaunaDBFirebase Realtime Database
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IBM Adds Kubernetes Operator for CouchDB
26 September 2019, Datanami

IBM Adds Support and Kubernetes Operator for Apache CouchDB to Sync Data Across Multi-Cloud Environments
30 September 2019, Database Trends and Applications

IBM Announces Kubernetes Operator for Apache CouchDB to Enhance Adoption of Hybrid Cloud
27 September 2019, Toolbox

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18 June 2019, ProgrammableWeb

FaunaDB now offers a “Managed Serverless” service combining Fauna’s serverless database with a managed solution
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