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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Derby vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Derby vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.04
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score4.75
Rank#64  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score11.74
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgdb.apache.org/­derbyfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software FoundationGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release200519972012
Current release2.3.1, March 201910.15.1.3, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJava
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBCAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava Stored Procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'
TriggersyesyesCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rules

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBFirebase Realtime Database
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