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DBMS > Cloudant vs. HBase vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Cloudant vs. HBase vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.80
Rank#75  Overall
#14  Document stores
Score53.84
Rank#21  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score31.98
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitecloudant.comhbase.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.cloudant.comhbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoft
Initial release201020082014
Current release2.2.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenooptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJavaScript
TriggersyesyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a document possibleSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)Multi-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
CloudantHBaseMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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