DBMS > Citus vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Tibero
System Properties Comparison Citus vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Tibero
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Citus Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||Tibero Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Scalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQL||Microsofts relational DBMS||A secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store||Document store|
|Current release||8.1, December 2018||SQL Server 2019, November 2019||6, April 2015|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source AGPL, commercial license also available||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C||C++||C and Assembler|
|Server operating systems||Linux||Linux|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes specific XML type available, but no XML query functionality||yes||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes standard, with numerous extensions||yes||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||Persistent Stored Procedure (PSM)|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||horizontal partitioning by range, hash, list or composite|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Master-slave replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||Master-master replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||yes||no planned for next version|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Citus||Microsoft SQL Server||Tibero|
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