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DBMS > ArangoDB vs. Dgraph vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison ArangoDB vs. Dgraph vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Distributed and scalable native Graph DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.05
Rank#68  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
#8  Search engines
Score1.24
Rank#153  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Score1254.83
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.arangodb.comdgraph.iowww.mysql.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­docs/­stabledgraph.io/­docsdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperArangoDB Inc.Dgraph Labs, Inc.Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201220161995
Current release3.7.2.1, September 20208.0.23 , January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis –The Managed Cloud Service of ArangoDB. Oasis provides fully managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security. Get started for free and continue for as little as $0,21/hour.ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++GoC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsAQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptnoyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infosince version 2.0yeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesno infoPlanned for future releasesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
ArangoDBDgraphMySQL
Specific characteristicsOne Engine. One Query Language. Multiple Data Models. ArangoDB is an open source...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 9000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more
News

C++ Memory Model: Migrating from X86 to ARM
15 February 2021

ArangoML Series: Multi-Model Collaboration
26 January 2021

State of the Art Preprocessing and Filtering with ArangoSearch
10 December 2020

ArangoML Series: Intro to NetworkX Adapter
17 November 2020

ArangoML Part 4: Detecting Covariate Shift in Datasets
5 November 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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