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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. Apache Pinot vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. Apache Pinot vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonApache Pinot  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopRealtime distributed OLAP datastore, designed to answer OLAP queries with low latencyA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.03
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.58
Rank#244  Overall
#111  Relational DBMS
Score2.12
Rank#125  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Websiteimpala.apache.orgpinot.apache.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
www.nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmldocs.pinot.apache.orgdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaApache Software Foundation and contributorsVesoft Inc.
Initial release201320152019
Current release4.1.0, June 20221.0.0, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxAll OS with a Java JDK11 or higherLinux
Data schemeyesyesStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBCBrowser interface
console (shell)
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis infoORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCGo
Java
Python
.Net
C++
Go
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functions
Triggersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache ImpalaApache PinotNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCompanies from a variety of industries have implemented NebulaGraph Database in production,...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 10,000 stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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More resources
Apache ImpalaApache PinotNebulaGraph
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