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DBMS > Amazon Neptune vs. FileMaker vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon Neptune vs. FileMaker vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.73
Rank#121  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score52.80
Rank#21  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score616.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.claris.com/­filemakerwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAmazonFileMaker infoa subsidiary of ApplePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201719831989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release19.4.1, November 202115.1, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostediOS infoclient part only
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infovia pluginsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Filemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
PHP.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasSource-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)simple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon NeptuneFileMakerPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

PGCon 2023, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
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