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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score76.55
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score2.39
Rank#113  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score19.02
Rank#37  Overall
#5  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­neptunefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesfirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperAmazonAmazonGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release201220172012
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonolimited functionality with using 'rules'
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdanoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicas
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith encyption-at-restyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes, based on authentication and database rules

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon NeptuneFirebase Realtime Database
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