DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > AlaSQL vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison AlaSQL vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. Trafodion

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJavaScript DBMS libraryOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoningTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.39
Rank#221  Overall
#32  Document stores
#105  Relational DBMS
Score50.53
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#170  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.42
Rank#216  Overall
#102  Relational DBMS
Websitealasql.orgneo4j.comwww.stardog.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqlneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docstrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-UnionApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release2014200720102014
Current release3.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 20192.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageJavaScriptJava, ScalaJavaC++, Java
Server operating systemsserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesnoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLClose to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.noSPARQL is used as query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaScript.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in JavaJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Clusteryes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemnoneCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
AlaSQLNeo4jStardogTrafodion
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – APOC Pearls, Exploring Full-Text Search, Exploring structural balance, Graphistania v2.0
16 November 2019

#GraphCast: “Graph Databases Will Change Your Freakin’ Life”
15 November 2019

Fullstack GraphQL with Neo4j
13 November 2019

Real Examples of Why We Need Context for Responsible AI
12 November 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j Aura is Here, Graph Embeddings, Graph Modeling: All about relationships, Exploring Structural Balance
9 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
AlaSQLNeo4jStardogTrafodion
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Meet AlaSQL, a speedy SQL database for JavaScript
15 January 2019, JAXenter

DeskGap wants to be your go-to framework for building cross-platform desktop apps with web technologies
13 February 2019, JAXenter

International JavaScript Conference 2019: Early bird special
11 July 2019, JAXenter

QLBridge: A SQL runtime engine for Go
17 August 2018, JAXenter

Introduction to Apache Spark: Big Data Analytics Simplified
4 September 2018, Business 2 Community

provided by Google News

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

Neo4j is the Graph Database of Choice for World's Top Financial Services Organizations
22 October 2019, PRNewswire

Small or medium business? Neo4j wants to run a graph database for you in the cloud
7 November 2019, ZDNet

Neo4J Launches Cloud Graph Database
13 November 2019, iProgrammer

Neo4j Releases Native Graph Database as a Service Platform
12 November 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

The Apache Software Foundation Announces Apache® Trafodion™ as a Top-Level Project
10 January 2018, GlobeNewswire

The Apache® Software Foundation Announces Annual Report for 2019 Fiscal Year
13 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

Esgyn Strato: Esgyn announces a Hybrid / Multi Cloud Big Data Platform Service to run and optimize your business
30 November 2018, Markets Insider

ASF's 2018 annual report shows the Apache ecosystem is growing
20 July 2018, JAXenter

Open source code worth $600m contributed to Apache
19 July 2018, ITWeb

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Security Researcher (Threat Intelligence)
Palo Alto Networks, Santa Clara, CA

Vice President, Architecture
JP Morgan Chase, Plano, TX

Data Analytics Solutions Analyst - Junior
CACI, Washington, DC

Tech Consulting Manager - Graph Application Engineering Lead
EY, United States

Health System Modeling and Simulation Lead
Mitre Corporation, Bedford, MA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here