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DBMS > Adabas vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMicrosofts relational DBMSSemantic graph DBMS, developed in Java
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.54
Rank#67  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score1072.19
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.75
Rank#167  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperSoftware AGMicrosoftComplexible Inc.
Initial release197119892010
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 20174.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistatables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeper
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Microsoft SQL ServerStardog
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