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DBMS > Adabas vs. Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TerminusDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.71
Rank#82  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score151.07
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score924.68
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#301  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverterminusdb.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
DeveloperSoftware AGElasticMicrosoftDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release1971201019892018
Current release7.8.0, June 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201910.1.4, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Prolog, Rust
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL-like query languageyesSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languagesNatural.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"ElasticsearchMicrosoft SQL ServerTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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