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DBMS > Adabas vs. ArangoDB vs. Realm vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. ArangoDB vs. Realm vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA multi-model DBMSA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Document storeGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.34
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score4.87
Rank#64  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
#7  Search engines
Score8.27
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score2.64
Rank#95  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlwww.arangodb.comrealm.iovirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.arangodb.com/­documentationrealm.io/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperSoftware AGArangoDB GmbH / triagens GmbHRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019OpenLink Software
Initial release1971201220141998
Current release3.5.0, August 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ArangoDB Oasis: Built and supported by the creators of ArangoDB, Oasis provides fully hosted, managed, and monitored cluster deployments of any size, with enterprise-grade security.
Implementation languageC, C++, JavaScriptC
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
OS X
Raspbian
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynonoyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
HTTP API
JSON style queries
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesNaturalC#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalJavaScriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnonoyes infoChange Listenersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infosince version 2.0noneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationnoneChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realmyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesyesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"ArangoDBRealmVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

ArangoDB and the Cloud Native Ecosystem
20 November 2019

Say Hi To ArangoDB Oasis: A Fully-Managed Multi-Model Database Service
14 November 2019

How we built our managed service on Kubernetes
25 October 2019

ArangoDB Hot Backup – Creating consistent cluster-wide snapshots
9 October 2019

ArangoML Pipeline – A Common Metadata Layer for Machine Learning Pipelines
25 September 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"ArangoDBRealmVirtuoso
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