DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Adabas vs. Alibaba Cloud HybridDB vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Adabas vs. Alibaba Cloud HybridDB vs. Amazon Aurora vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAlibaba Cloud HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Aurora  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformHybridDB is an online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumMySQL and PostgreSQL compatible cloud service by AmazonMicrosofts relational DBMSVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.42
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.30
Rank#240  Overall
#113  Relational DBMS
Score7.75
Rank#47  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score1081.91
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.63
Rank#97  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitewww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlwww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlaws.amazon.com/­rds/­aurorawww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servervirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmdocs.aws.amazon.com/­AmazonRDS/­latest/­AuroraUserGuide/­CHAP_Aurora.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperSoftware AGAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupAmazonMicrosoftOpenLink Software
Initial release19712016201519891998
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsBS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedhostedLinux
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesyesyesyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsHTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesNaturalC
Java
Perl
Python
R
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin NaturalyesyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-slave replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Alibaba Cloud HybridDBAmazon AuroraMicrosoft SQL ServerVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Adabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Alibaba Cloud HybridDBAmazon AuroraMicrosoft SQL ServerVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Amazon - the rising star in the DBMS market
3 August 2015, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Software AG: Surprisingly Strong Q3 Results - Easing Pressure On Q4
23 October 2019, Seeking Alpha

Software AG Confirms Outlook after stronger third-quarter
22 October 2019, Euronews

Software (ETR:SOW) Given a €34.00 Price Target at UBS Group
12 November 2019, Mitchell Messenger

Software (ETR:SOW) PT Set at €38.00 by Goldman Sachs Group
12 November 2019, TechNewsObserver

Australia Database Management Systems Market Report 2019 - Market Projected to Register a CAGR of More Than 11% During 2019-2024 - ResearchAndMarkets.com
31 October 2019, MDJOnline.com

provided by Google News

Alibaba Cloud, AWS & DigitalOcean: Cloud Services Compared
31 May 2018, SitePoint

Alibaba Cloud: Rising Star in the Cloud Market
21 May 2018, Datamation

provided by Google News

Running sysbench on RDS MySQL, RDS MariaDB, and Amazon Aurora MySQL via SSL/TLS
6 November 2019, idk.dev

Amazon migrates more than 100 consumer services from Oracle to AWS databases
15 October 2019, TechCrunch

Amazon Migrates Away From Oracle DB
24 October 2019, iProgrammer

Amazon Migrates Internal Consumer Databases from Oracle to AWS
18 October 2019, Coresight Research

Amdocs Announces RevenueONE for 5G Billing
28 October 2019, Light Reading

provided by Google News

SQL Server 2019 Licensing: How Much Does It Cost and What's Included?
8 November 2019, Redmondmag.com

SQL Server 2019 reaches general availability
4 November 2019, ZDNet

Facade database: Healing technique to remove restricted access to SQL server
11 November 2019, SC Magazine UK

SQL Server 2019 Is Here: A Roundup of Its Best Features
4 November 2019, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Makes SQL Server 2019 Generally Available
4 November 2019, Redmond Channel Partner

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer II (ADABAS & Natural)
US House Of Representatives - CAO, Washington, DC

Senior Principal Natural Programmer
Northrop Grumman, Baton Rouge, LA

Senior Software Developer/Analyst
University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

ADABAS NATURAL Programmer
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

System Analyst
Technozant, Austin, TX

Cloud Support Engineer I - Databases
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Cloud Support Engineer - Databases
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Portland, OR

DBA Administrator
Remedy BPCI Partners, LLC., New York, NY

Business Development Representative
VividCortex, Arlington, VA

Senior .NET Engineer
Club Automation, Chicago, IL

Senior SQL Server Database Administrator
The Cimino Group, Connecticut

BI Reporting/Analytics Developer
Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA

SQL DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR
State of Arizona, Phoenix, AZ

SQL Developer
TTM Technologies - North America, Logan, UT

Senior Data Engineer
Privia Health, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here