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DBMS > 4D vs. MaxDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. MaxDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.31
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score2.20
Rank#113  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score2.93
Rank#94  Overall
#17  Document stores
#14  Key-value stores
#50  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.commaxdb.sap.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­technologies/­nosql
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.commaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
Developer4D, IncSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997Oracle
Initial release198419842011
Current releasev20, April 20237.9.10.12, February 202424.1, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DOracle NoSQL
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