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DBMS > 4D vs. FoundationDB vs. InfluxDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. FoundationDB vs. InfluxDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.DBMS for storing time series, events and metricsWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Time Series DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.75
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.79
Rank#166  Overall
#25  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score20.33
Rank#32  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score2.81
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.foundationdb.orgwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
Developer4D, IncFoundationDBOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release1984201320131994
Current releasev17.0, July 20186.1.11, July 20191.7.8, August 201918.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++GoC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingNumeric data and Stringsno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92supported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query languageyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin SQL-layer onlynono
Triggersyesnonoyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoin enterprise version onlynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyesselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlyMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesin SQL-layer onlynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoDepending on used storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnosimple rights management via user accountsno
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionFoundationDBInfluxDBOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionFoundationDBInfluxDBOracle Berkeley DB
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Recent citations in the news

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

FoundationDB Goes Open Source
23 April 2018, Datanami

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

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DevOps Chats: InfluxDB Cloud 2.0 Managed Service for Time Series Data
20 November 2019, DevOps.com

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27 November 2019, Business Wire

news digest: ONNX at LF AI Foundation, InfluxDB Cloud 2.0, and IBM partners with Stanford Human-Centered AI Institute - SD Times
15 November 2019, SDTimes.com

InfluxData Brings InfluxDB Cloud 2.0 Serverless Platform to Europe to Support Enterprise Transformation with Time Series Technology
14 November 2019, Business Wire

An Introduction to InfluxDB
5 August 2019, The Collegian

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Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
30 August 2009, DZone News

Database Trends Report: SQL Beats NoSQL, MySQL Most Popular
5 March 2019, ADT Magazine

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15 October 2019, Appinventiv

Under the Hood: Oracle Berkeley DB XML
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