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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog vs. Teradata Aster

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoningPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.11
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score49.46
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#168  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comneo4j.comwww.stardog.comwww.teradata.com/­products-and-services/­teradata-analytics-platform
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-UnionTeradata
Initial release2000200720102005
Current release8.8, January 20193.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possibleyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoSPARQL is used as query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in JavaR packages
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Clusteryes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jStardogTeradata Aster
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jStardogTeradata Aster
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.0 Open Sources Its Front End and Engine Plugins to Support Knowledge Graph Solutions
7 October 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

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10 October 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j Launches Program to Empower Educators
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j Gets Hooks Into Kafka
1 October 2019, Datanami

Graph Database Market 2019 Status Analysis : triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
16 October 2019, News Adopt

provided by Google News

An overview of the Teradata Aster Analytics platform
31 May 2017, TechTarget

Teradata Aster Analytics Going Places: On Hadoop and AWS
24 August 2016, PR Newswire

Teradata ports Aster analytics to Hadoop
30 August 2016, ZDNet

New Teradata CEO pursues cloud-based architecture
22 January 2019, TechTarget

Teradata Vantage: A Complete Solution for Analytics by Ron Powell
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