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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner

Google Cloud Spanner System Properties

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Rank#110  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
Initial release2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyes
Server operating systemshosted
Data schemeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
Supported programming languagesGo
JavaScript (Node.js)
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-Master replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud Spanner
Specific characteristics

Cloud Spanner is the only enterprise-grade, globally-distributed, and strongly consistent database service built for the cloud specifically to combine the benefits of relational database structure with non-relational horizontal scale. This combination delivers high-performance transactions and strong consistency across rows, regions, and continents with an industry-leading 99.999% availability SLA, no planned downtime, and enterprise-grade security. Cloud Spanner revolutionizes database administration and management and makes application development more efficient.

Cloud Spanner helps future-proof your backend to avoid rewrites and migrations. Cloud Spanner leverages Google’s comprehensive security architecture for security, privacy, and control. It offers a global relational database, not just the feature to replicate data around the world. Cloud Spanner has been battle tested internally at  Google and powers many mission-critical Google apps.

Competitive advantages

No compromises
Most databases today require making trade-offs between scale and consistency. With Cloud Spanner, you get the best of relational database structure and non-relational database scale with strong external consistency across rows, regions, and continents.

  • Get high performance and data accuracy with no tuning or tradeoffs required. 
  • Ensure apps run fast with high-performance, strongly consistent global data access with no additional effort.
  • Get more value from your application data by leveraging the benefits of relational data.
  • Helps future-proof your backend to avoid rewrites and migrations.

Revolutionary database administration
IT Admins and DBAs are inundated with thankless tasks. Cloud Spanner revolutionizes database administration and management to make more time for innovation.

  • Focus on value add and innovation instead of maintenance. Ease of deployment at every scale and every stage.
  • Ensure your app stays online and secure. Cloud Spanner ensures industry leading high availability and Google-grade security by default, not as expensive add-ons. Maintenance, upgrades and patches happen with no planned downtime.
  • Simplify costing to better understand your app. Cloud Spanner provides a simpler pricing model for global scale.

Launch faster
Developers want to launch faster and leverage existing skills and frameworks. Cloud Spanner improves application development efficiency to ship better apps faster and with fewer concepts to ramp on.

  • Get to market faster by using familiar relational semantics and transactions.
  • Reduce friction by reusing existing SQL skills and have confidence in knowing you never have to replatform for scale.
  • Deliver better experiences for end users by improving data consistency and helping to reduce bugs.

Typical application scenarios

Financial trading, insurance, global call centers, supply-chain management and manufacturing, telecom and billing, logistics and transportation, gaming, E-commerce (high availability).

Key customers

Marketo, Optiva, Evernote, Mixpanel, Google

Related products and services

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More resources
Google Cloud Spanner
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provided by Google News

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