DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Open source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.12
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score49.76
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#143  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Neo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release201220072010
Current release4.0.4, May 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Data Modeling Best Practices, JHipster and Neo4j, Circular Money Flow, Visualizing a Spring Integration graph
30 May 2020

Unlimited Possibilities: 5-Minute Interview with David Mohr
29 May 2020

Graphs in Automotive and Manufacturing: Unlock New Value from Your Data
27 May 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Neosemantics 4.0, REST to Graph, Neo4j OGM with Quarkus, Beat Saber Graph
23 May 2020

#GraphCast: Graphs4Good Knowledge Graph to Fight COVID-19
22 May 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseNeo4jStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Researchers spot thousands of Android apps leaking user data through misconfigured Firebase databases
12 May 2020, The Register

Over 4000 Android Apps Expose Users' Data via Misconfigured Firebase Databases
12 May 2020, Internet

Introduction to the Firebase Database
9 March 2020, Database Journal

Major Android Vulnerability Could Let Strandhogg Malware Pose As Legitimate Apps
27 May 2020, Hot Hardware

4200+ Android Apps Responsible for Massive Data Leak
19 May 2020, Digital Information World

provided by Google News

The World's Leading Companies Use Neo4j to Manage Supply Chains, Boost Resilience and Ensure Business Continuity
27 May 2020, PRNewswire

Rising Opportunities in GPU Database Market | • Neo4j • Anaconda • NVIDIA • Blazegraph • OmniSci
29 May 2020, Cole of Duty

The 7 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2020
28 May 2020, Solutions Review

Case: Trademarks/Abandonment (ND Cal.)
26 May 2020, Bloomberg Law

Neo4j 4.0 adds enterprise Fabric to its graph database
4 February 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Mobile Business Application Associate
Enterprise Community Development, Inc., Silver Spring, MD

Manager, Website and Technology
Metropolitan Golf Association, Elmsford, NY

Data Engineer
Petuum, Sunnyvale, CA

Mobile App Developer Internship
VotingSmarter, Irvine, CA

Programmer-10677
OST, Albany, NY

Associate DBA Architect
Travelers, Hartford, CT

Graph Database Developer
Vedainfo, Remote

Data Engineer
Colgate-Palmolive, Piscataway, NJ

Creative Director
Neo4j, San Mateo, CA

Enterprise Data Steward, Event 360
Bayer, Missouri

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Present your product here