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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. JanusGraph vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. JanusGraph vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017A key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score134.79
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score2.04
Rank#135  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#377  Overall
#57  Key-value stores
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchjanusgraph.orggithub.com/­bytedance/­terarkdb
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.janusgraph.orgbytedance.larkoffice.com/­docs/­doccnZmYFqHBm06BbvYgjsHHcKc
DeveloperElasticLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusByteDance, originally Terark
Initial release201020172016
Current release8.6, January 20230.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Clojure
Java
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectoryes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serverno

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More resources
ElasticsearchJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanTerarkDB
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